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Diagnostic Imaging

 

By 2030, an estimated 65.7 million people are predicted to be affected by Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a 30 million person jump from today’s total. But, there’s increasing evidence that biomarkers coupled with the correct imaging technique may provide crucial insights into the disease.

Postoperative CT, most notably 3D CT scans, are the preferred imaging technique in evaluating intra-articular screw penetration of proximal humerus fractures, according to a study published in Academic Radiology.

Headaches are common in children, and many tools, often related to neuroimaging, exist to diagnose the situation, but there remains little standardized procedure in approaching individual cases and little clarity around the benefits and risks of pursuing imaging.

A recent retrospective study of brain and spinal MRI of patients suspected or known to have multiple sclerosis showed that the introduction of a structured reporting template produced reports with more adequate information for clinical decision making. The results were published in the American Journal of Roentgenology

Abdominal radiographs have been used to diagnose functional constipation in children and adolescents, despite a lack of evidence showing reliability. Researchers from the Boston Children’s Hospital examined how gastroenterologists use the images in diagnosing young patients.

 

Recent Headlines

Docs in the dark on radiation risks in imaging, but a quick briefing lights the way

Hospital-based clinicians are not well-versed in the specifics of radiation exposure and risk to patients sent for imaging, but a brief education session may be all it takes to bring them up to speed.

$10M awarded by DoD to make portable brain ultrasound battlefield-ready

The U.S. Army has hired a brain-health company to develop and supply a portable ultrasound system for assessing traumatic brain injuries on or near the field of combat.

Physicians enjoined to get out ahead of POCUS

As internal medicine practitioners continue to increase their use of point-of-care ultrasound—aka POCUS—these physicians need to clarify how they intend to use the technology going forward.

Emergency residency program learns from its alumni: Ultrasound among areas needing more emphasis

Getting alums of emergency-medicine training programs to evaluate their own practice skills can help directors of said programs strengthen their curriculum where it’s weak, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Emergency Medicine Journal. Of interest to imaging observers, the researchers found that diagnostic ultrasound was one of several ER subcompetencies in need of attention at their institution.

POCUS up to the task of finding, ruling out pediatric forearm fractures

Emergency physicians armed with point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) may have all they need to diagnose children with suspected fractures of the distal forearm.

NYU study involves CT findings in diagnosing cecal volvulus

A recent study conducted by four radiologists at New York University assessed the utility of CT features in the detection and official diagnosis of cecal volvulus.

Ultrasound helps find seizure sites in neonatal brains

Researchers in Europe have combined ultrafast ultrasound with electroencephalography (EEG) to localize seizure sites in the brain microvasculature of newborn babies whose cortexes had developed abnormally.

Pediatric IBD patients imaged gently, accurately with MR enterography

MR enterography is an excellent performer when it comes to diagnosing active inflammation in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially at the per-patient (vs. per-lesion) level, according to a literature review conducted in South Korea and published online Oct. 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

MRI outperforms ultrasound in Zika-affected fetuses

The effects of Zika virus on fetuses can be better analyzed using MRI over ultrasound as the imaging modality. According to ongoing research by the Children’s National Health System in Washington, D.C., MRI provides more detailed images that reveal more extensive areas of damage to the developing fetal brain.

MRI important in reducing re-excision rates in surgical management of HG DCIS

A study in the European Journal of Radiology suggests MRI could be an important tool in reducing the re-excision rates in the management of high grade (HG) ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), when used in preoperative diagnosis and evaluation.

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