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Neuroimaging

 

For all the challenges faced by preterm babies, limited research explores how birth early in the third trimester can affect hearing and understanding speech. A team of researchers, using MRI, found children born prematurely were more likely to face speech and language problems by the age of 2.

Researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have two types of technology to predict how well a deaf child can learn language after receiving cochlear implant surgery. 

Head trauma and sports—most notably football but also hockey, soccer and boxing—have been the focus of plenty of media coverage. Recent studies have shown an overwhelming majority of deceased football player’s brains contained evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

A team of Italian researchers used resting-state fMRI to examine functional connectivity abnormalities in the brain in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). They wanted to see how abnormalities in cerebellar dentate nuclei (DNs) affect an individual’s balance, posture and muscle tone.

New research from a Spanish team of researchers used MRI to explore whether subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children could be related to the brain’s structure.

 

Recent Headlines

Pre-procedure imaging may predict success of epilepsy surgery

A statistical method for integrating functional MRI (fMRI) and PET scans may prove capable of predicting success of surgery to reduce seizures in epilepsy patients.

MRI may have potential to diagnose ADHD, differentiate subtypes

Trying to diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in accordance with neuroimaging data has long been a work in progress. According to a recent study published in Radiology, however, MRI may be able to more accurately diagnose the neurological disorder and differentiate between subtypes.

RSNA 2017: Smartphone addiction causes imbalance in brain chemistry

Young patients addicted to smartphones can develop significant imbalances in brain chemistry, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago.

RSNA 2017: Sodium MRI shows differences in cerebrospinal fluid of migraine patients

Researchers using sodium MRI to examine migraine patients found that their cerebrospinal flued had significantly higher concentrations of sodium, according to a Nov. 28 presentation at RSNA 2017 in Chicago.

PET, CT show lasting effects of brain injury in preterm babies

Plenty of discussion has been dedicated to how the developing brain deals with various kinds of stimulation. Recent research tied lasting chemical changes to the brain with complications at birth.

Spit test for concussion may ID prolonged symptoms in children

Imaging professionals are well aware of the effects of concussion, from long-term damage to professional football players to kids playing water polo. Recent research in JAMA Pediatrics examined how changes in epigenetic molecules known as microRNAs (miRNAs) can be monitored via children’s saliva to detect prolonged concussion symptoms.

A potential new era for acute stoke imaging-based selection, treatment

In a recent editorial published in the November issue of The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), Werner Hacke, MD, PhD, DSc, discussed a new era of imaging selections for patients who are looking to benefit from a thrombectomy performed long after the onset of a stroke.

Obstructive sleep apnea increases risk of developing Alzheimer's

According to a new study published by the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (AJRCCM), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase elderly individuals' risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.  

Long-term space travel changes brain structure of astronauts

The effects of space travel on the human anatomy are extensive to say the least, taking into account the harsh impact zero gravity and the rapid ascension into space have on the bodies of astronauts. Yet, the amount of information detailing the effects spaceflight has on the configuration of astronauts' brains is limited, claimed in a recent study published by The New England Journal of Medicine and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 

Brain impact of football affected by career length, player's position

New research, funded by the National Football League Charities and the NFL Players Association, examined former football players, examined career duration and playing position in the white matter structure and neural recruitment of former college and professional athletes.

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