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Neuroimaging

 

For all the challenges faced by preterm babies, limited research explores how birth early in the third trimester can affect hearing and understanding speech. A team of researchers, using MRI, found children born prematurely were more likely to face speech and language problems by the age of 2.

Researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have two types of technology to predict how well a deaf child can learn language after receiving cochlear implant surgery. 

Head trauma and sports—most notably football but also hockey, soccer and boxing—have been the focus of plenty of media coverage. Recent studies have shown an overwhelming majority of deceased football player’s brains contained evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

A team of Italian researchers used resting-state fMRI to examine functional connectivity abnormalities in the brain in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). They wanted to see how abnormalities in cerebellar dentate nuclei (DNs) affect an individual’s balance, posture and muscle tone.

New research from a Spanish team of researchers used MRI to explore whether subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children could be related to the brain’s structure.

 

Recent Headlines

Brain imaging to making mind reading possible

New research will soon make it possible to analyze your own brain.

Concussions may sink more water polo players than you might expect

Discussions about the dangers of concussions in football or hockey are getting more and more is learned about the long-term effects of traumatic brain injuries. But what about lesser known sports like water polo?

Teenage rebellion might be caused by abnormal brain development, study suggests

Researchers in the United Kingdom found a link between conduct disorder in adolescents and thickness of the outer layer of the brain, breaking down misconceptions that severe antisocial behavior and aggression is simply just a form of teenage rebellion. 

PET pinpoints tau tangles as cause of Alzheimer's effects

PET amyloid imaging does a fine job finding susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease long before symptoms set in, but PET tau imaging is better at showing what’s going on once neuronal injury becomes functionally evident. 

Tau imaging: A better way to track Alzheimer’s progression?

A newly developed PET tracer has shown that tau protein clumps within the brain are better indicators of cognitive impairment related to Alzheimer’s disease than beta amyloid proteins, the current standard for evaluating the disease’s progress, according to results of a new study recently published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Handheld tool images tumor cells during neurosurgery

Researchers from the Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix, Ariz., have created and tested a pen-sized imaging instrument to aid neurosurgeons in the visualization of individual tumor cells during ongoing brain operations, according to results of a study published in the April issue of Neurosurgical Focus.

Neuroimaging helps distinguish abnormalities in the brains of NFL players

Perfusion neuroimaging using SPECT can detect abnormalities in the brains of retired and current National Football League players, distinguishing them from healthy control subjects, according to results of a new study published online in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Changes to brain cells measurable after one season of high school football

A single season spent playing contact sports is all it takes for measurable changes to occur inside young athletes’ brains, according to results of a study recently published in the Journal of Neurotrauma.

Neuroimaging biomarker tracks autism treatment effectiveness in boys

A new method using neuroimaging to track brain function in boys affected by autism could provide doctors with a biomarker for how patients are responding to behavioral or drug treatments, according to results of a study published online in JAMA Psychiatry.

Resting-state brain imaging leads to growth chart creation for pediatric ADHD

Neuroimaging has revealed distinguishable maturation patterns in the brains of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), opening the possibility for the development of a pediatric neurological growth chart, according to results of a study published online April 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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