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Neuroimaging

 

For all the challenges faced by preterm babies, limited research explores how birth early in the third trimester can affect hearing and understanding speech. A team of researchers, using MRI, found children born prematurely were more likely to face speech and language problems by the age of 2.

Researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have two types of technology to predict how well a deaf child can learn language after receiving cochlear implant surgery. 

Head trauma and sports—most notably football but also hockey, soccer and boxing—have been the focus of plenty of media coverage. Recent studies have shown an overwhelming majority of deceased football player’s brains contained evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

A team of Italian researchers used resting-state fMRI to examine functional connectivity abnormalities in the brain in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). They wanted to see how abnormalities in cerebellar dentate nuclei (DNs) affect an individual’s balance, posture and muscle tone.

New research from a Spanish team of researchers used MRI to explore whether subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children could be related to the brain’s structure.

 

Recent Headlines

PET biomarker for brain inflammation could be breakthrough in ALS research

A potential PET biomarker has been shown to successfully record inflammation in the brains of patients with ALS and could help improve early diagnosis and treatment of the disease, according to results of a study recently published in the journal NeuroImage: Clinical.

Imaging study: More than 40% of retired NFL players may have traumatic brain injuries

Nearly half of retired National Football League players may suffer from traumatic brain injuries, according to results of a diffusion tensor imaging study set to be presented next week at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Vancouver, Canada.

CT research: How exactly does the Zika virus affect the developing brain?

Brazilian researchers have teamed up with scientists from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicince to describe certain CT features of Zika-related microcephaly, according to a letter to the editor recently published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Diffusion tensor imaging shows white matter abnormalities in insomniacs

Researchers in China have used diffusion MRI to show that the right brain’s white matter tracts are abnormal in patients with primary insomnia. 

Study: fMRI reveals biomarker for schizophrenia-related memory loss

A distinctive brain biomarker imaged using fMRI could be a sign of memory problems in schizophrenia patients and may lead to a better understanding and more effective treatment of the disease, according to results of a study published in Biological Psychiatry.

Using MRI to measure the impact of subjective cognitive decline on the brain

Patients suffering from subjective cognitive decline (SCD) have measurable increased activity in certain areas of the brain on resting-state MRI, a characteristic that may be used to predict the development of Alzheimer’s disease and other diseases associated with diminished cognitive capacities, according to results of a study published in the journal Radiology.

Report: NFL used flawed data in concussion research

A new report from the New York Times has revealed that the National Football League (NFL) may have knowingly presented flawed concussion data as evidence that head injuries do not affect players’ long-term health.

Going offline: Reduced computer activity could be early sign of dementia

Lower levels of computer use among older patients correlate with physical characteristics in the brain associated with dementia and related cognitive diseases, according to results of a study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Sizable study shows lesion ‘blends’ cause most dementia

Numerous studies conducted in recent years have suggested that most dementia—including cases correctly diagnosed as Alzheimer’s disease—probably traces not to a particular lesion type but to combinations of brain pathologies. A new study, said by its authors to be the largest and most comprehensive look at such data, strengthens the suspicion.

Study: Dementia risks vary widely among ethnic groups

African-Americans are more likely to develop dementia and Alzheimer’s disease than other ethnicities, while Asian-Americans have the lowest risk of developing dementia among U.S. ethnic groups, according to results of a study published online in Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

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