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Scientists from the University of São Paulo Medical School in Brazil have found that individuals who identify as transgender have volumetric difference in their brains and subsequently may interpret body image in various ways, according to a recent press release from the São Paulo Research Foundation. 

Researchers used a high temporal resolution functional MRI (fMRI) data to examine the difference in the timing between brain activation areas by analyzing the task onset time of the statistical model shifted from the actual stimulation timing.

Exposure to air pollution during fetal life may severely alter a child's brain structure and pose long-term effects, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in Biological Psychiatry.  

According to researchers from the Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust in Liverpool, England, a volumetric CT head exam may be enough to identify non-accidental injuries without an additional x-ray.

A new study published in the Journal of Digital Imaging described how deep convolutional neural networks may improve MRI brain tumor segmentation.  


Recent Headlines

Tau imaging: A better way to track Alzheimer’s progression?

A newly developed PET tracer has shown that tau protein clumps within the brain are better indicators of cognitive impairment related to Alzheimer’s disease than beta amyloid proteins, the current standard for evaluating the disease’s progress, according to results of a new study recently published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Handheld tool images tumor cells during neurosurgery

Researchers from the Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix, Ariz., have created and tested a pen-sized imaging instrument to aid neurosurgeons in the visualization of individual tumor cells during ongoing brain operations, according to results of a study published in the April issue of Neurosurgical Focus.

Neuroimaging helps distinguish abnormalities in the brains of NFL players

Perfusion neuroimaging using SPECT can detect abnormalities in the brains of retired and current National Football League players, distinguishing them from healthy control subjects, according to results of a new study published online in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Changes to brain cells measurable after one season of high school football

A single season spent playing contact sports is all it takes for measurable changes to occur inside young athletes’ brains, according to results of a study recently published in the Journal of Neurotrauma.

Neuroimaging biomarker tracks autism treatment effectiveness in boys

A new method using neuroimaging to track brain function in boys affected by autism could provide doctors with a biomarker for how patients are responding to behavioral or drug treatments, according to results of a study published online in JAMA Psychiatry.

Resting-state brain imaging leads to growth chart creation for pediatric ADHD

Neuroimaging has revealed distinguishable maturation patterns in the brains of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), opening the possibility for the development of a pediatric neurological growth chart, according to results of a study published online April 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

PET biomarker for brain inflammation could be breakthrough in ALS research

A potential PET biomarker has been shown to successfully record inflammation in the brains of patients with ALS and could help improve early diagnosis and treatment of the disease, according to results of a study recently published in the journal NeuroImage: Clinical.

Imaging study: More than 40% of retired NFL players may have traumatic brain injuries

Nearly half of retired National Football League players may suffer from traumatic brain injuries, according to results of a diffusion tensor imaging study set to be presented next week at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Vancouver, Canada.

CT research: How exactly does the Zika virus affect the developing brain?

Brazilian researchers have teamed up with scientists from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicince to describe certain CT features of Zika-related microcephaly, according to a letter to the editor recently published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Diffusion tensor imaging shows white matter abnormalities in insomniacs

Researchers in China have used diffusion MRI to show that the right brain’s white matter tracts are abnormal in patients with primary insomnia.