A pair of Penn researchers will scan 100 awake 3-5 year old children, comparing the quality of traditional MRI methods to those taken using a motion-correction technology to better understand the connection between opioids and brain development.

Polymyalgia rheumatica is a musculoskeletal disorder that causes aching and stiffness in the upper arms, neck, lower back and thighs and can be difficult for clinicians to confidently pinpoint since its symptoms occur in many other rheumatic diseases.

The boost in efficiency for measuring such scarring could make it easier for clinicians to overcome the time-consuming process of quantifying late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)—a proven predictor of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

The novel method uses a deep neural network to improve fluorescence lifetime imaging, which allowed scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute to view molecular-level interactions within cells.

Besides pinpointing microfractures, the researchers believe combining color spectral CT imaging with their novel nanoparticles could help detect more serious problems such as heart blockages.

"The 7T MRI scanner affords us new ways of viewing areas of damage in neurologic diseases such as MS that were not well seen using 3T MRI," corresponding author Jonathan Zurawski, MD, said.

When we go to sleep at night, our brains are wiped clean of harmful toxins. Boston-area researchers now have the evidence to prove it, thanks in part to high-resolution imaging.

More screen usage can negatively impact the development of children’s brains, particularly regions associated with language development, according to a recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Tomoelastography combines tomography and elasticity, allowing researchers to diagram the spread of mechanical waves within the liver.

The findings, published in Scientific Reports, may be particularly helpful for dementia patients, who have been shown to preserve some form of musical memory while most other recollections fade.

“Although this study evaluates a small subset of astronauts, it's significantly larger than any previously published study of its kind involving astronauts or Russian cosmonauts," study author Donna R. Roberts said.

The researchers analyzed 39 consecutive patients with 44 pathologically confirmed cirrhotic nodules who first received a CEUS exam, followed by a traditional follow-up ultrasound every three or four months for their study.