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A team of U.S. researchers used fMRI to discover that a lack of sleep can reduce the brain's ability to combat pain, according to a Jan. 28 study published in the journal JNeurosci.

Using fMRI, a team of researchers discovered combat veterans with severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) demonstrate distinct patterns in how their brain and body respond to learning danger and safety. The study may help explain why some experience more severe symptoms than others.

Researchers at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois have developed a noninvasive, three-dimensional (3D) imaging tool able to capture blood flow and oxygenation within the capillaries of a human, according to research published in the journal Light: Science & Applications. The technique could help detect conditions from headaches to cardiovascular disease, sooner.

Researchers at Boston University in Massachusetts have developed an imaging technique that, by using a photograph captured with a digital camera, can reconstruct the position of an opaque object and its surroundings when both are out of direct sight, according to a recent report by Nature

The technology can capture three-dimensional (3D) images of the entire human body at one bed position and requires 40-times less radiation than current methods, according to a recent press release.

Four-dimensional (4D) MRI with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) sequencing is a reliable method for localizing parathyroid lesions, reported authors of a single-center study published in the European Journal of Radiology.

On Jan. 6, medical imaging and three-dimensional (3D) printing went above and beyond when Eduardo Rodriguez, MD, a plastic surgeon and face transplant specialist at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City, used the technologies to help him perform his third face transplant surgery, according to a recent report by Popular Science.

Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia have developed “ultraprecise ultrasound” sensors that are sensitive enough to hear the formation of surrounding air molecules, according to new research published online Jan. 10 in Nature Communications.

Using 3D printing, researchers from the University of California San Diego created spinal cord implants modeled from MRI scans that support nerve cell growth in spinal cord injuries and help restore lost physical mobility, according to a new study published online Jan. 14 in Nature Medicine.

A novel imaging technique combining two microscopy methods allowed researchers to visualize neural circuits across the brain at four-times that of typical resolutions, according to research published Jan. 17 in Science. The approach can be completed much faster than previously thought possible.

“Knowing about the oxygenation (of tissues) might allow us to tailor the therapy to make it better and to use other therapeutic interventions that are more appropriate,” said Vikram Kodibagkar, PhD, an associate professor of engineering at Arizona State University in Tempe, according to a recent university news release.

A team at the University of California, Irvine (UCI) gained new insights into how the brain stores information related to time with the help of fMRI and HBO’s “Curb Your Enthusiasm.”