Diagnostic Imaging

It may be time for diagnostic radiologists to begin thinking differently. That is according to a viewpoint article published Jan. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, which argued the specialty must act as gatekeepers to combat wasted imaging.

Radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy resulted in better five-year survival in patients with early-stage pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) than chemotherapy alone, reported authors of a Jan. 3 study published in JAMA Oncology.

Incorporating the golden-angle radial sparse parallel (GRASP) technique into dynamic contrast agent-enhanced (DCE) MRI improves the performance of prostate MRI, according to a Jan. 1 study published in Radiology.

“As we rapidly approach the beginning of the mandatory consultation of appropriate use criteria (AUC) under the Protecting Access to Medicare Act (PAMA), these resources are becoming even more important to the practice of medicine," said Frank J. Rybicki, MD, PhD, chair of the American College of Radiology (ACR) Committee on Appropriateness Criteria.

When staging preoperative thyroid cancer, ultra-low-dose CT with reduced contrast can produce adequate image quality while also significantly reducing radiation dose compared to standard methods, reported authors of a Dec. 17 study in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

In China, lung cancer is the leading cause of death. Utilizing proper screening can detect and help treat the disease early, but how well does low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening work in a large city like Shanghai?

Brain imaging, using MRI, CT and ultrasound, may predict neurodevelopmental health in infants who have been exposed to the virus in utero, according to research published Dec. 12 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Free non-invasive prostate cancer screenings using multi-parametric MRI—which combines up to three different types of scans for a clearer image of the prostate—may soon be introduced in the U.K., according to a recent report by BBC News.

A new study published Dec. 7 in JAMA Network Open found that 29 percent of veterans who underwent recommended colonoscopy screening did not want to stop getting screened despite limited personal benefits.

An AI software system called SmartTarget—which overlays tumor information from MRI scans onto ultrasound images—may help guide surgeons in conducting biopsies and improve prostate cancer detection by reducing the number of unidentified cases, according to research publishing Dec. 5 in the journal European Urology.

Using hyperpolarized xenon-129 (HXe) MR imaging, clinicians can better detect early lung disease in smokers before it progresses to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a Dec. 3 study published in Academic Radiology.

Shear-wave elastography (SWE) may help distinguish musculoskeletal soft-tissue lesions as benign or malignant in conjunction with conventional ultrasound, according to research published online Nov. 27 in Radiology.