Diagnostic Imaging

“The diagnostic performance and efficiency of current MRI may yield overall value when it is used as a first-line modality in pediatric ED for acute abdominal pain,” wrote Raza Mushtaq, MD, of the University of Arizona College of Medicine, and colleagues, in a new study published in Radiology.

Aggressive treatment is not warranted in patients with pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a malignant soft tissue tumor in the muscle tissue of children, according to a multi-site analysis of CT scans published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Roughly 5,500 NHS patients who had fractures repaired with metal plates will need their x-rays reviewed after a hospital mix-up lead some patients to receive faulty implants, according to a recent report from The Independent. 

When imaging pediatric patients, dual-energy head CT decreased radiation dosage, reduced artifacts and maintained a high-quality image compared to conventional head CT protocols, reported authors of a Feb. 7 study published in Clinical Imaging.

An MRI-guided strategy for treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) showed no benefits over conventional treat-to-target approaches, according to a Feb. 5 study published in JAMA. The authors also found the modality showed no benefit in radiographic progression.

“This case emphasized the importance of a high index of suspicion in an unusual presentation of a common disease and the pivotal role of bronchoscopic intervention in malignant central airway obstruction,” Abdul Hanif Khan, MD, and colleagues wrote, in a new case report published by The BMJ.

University of Arizona in Tuscon researchers, led by Diego Martin, MD, PhD, chair of the university’s medical imaging department, have developed an MRI technique aimed to replace blood tests and invasive biopsies for measuring nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to a report by the Arizona Daily Star.

A group of researchers from the Republic of Korea found the 2018 Liver Imaging and Reporting Data System (LI-RADS) could accurately differentiate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from other malignancy in patients with liver cirrhosis, according to a study published Jan. 29 in Radiology.

A team from Singapore demonstrated that an object detection convolutional neural network (CNN) could accurately detect and localize fractures on wrist x-rays, according to a Jan. 30 study published in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence. The method may be more verifiable than traditional CNNs.

Hospitalized women with ischemic stroke are less likely than men to be evaluated by stroke specialists and receive specialized imaging scans and other diagnostic testing in hospitals, according to research being presented at this year's American Stroke Association International Stroke Conference in Honolulu.

A team of national researchers has identified a set of multiparametric MRI-based guidelines and clinical features which can help clinicians easier determine a patient’s risk that their prostate cancer will spread, according to a Jan. 22 study published in Radiology.

A novel MRI approach developed by researchers from Austria showed promise for non-invasively measuring hypoxia and neovascularization in breast tumors, according to a Jan. 24 article published by Physicsworld.