Diagnostic Imaging

A novel brain MRI based method can track myelin—responsible for insulating nerve fibers—and may enable clinicians to identify myelin content changes in MS patients and patients whose myelin has been damaged by stroke or traumatic brain injury.

The U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs inspector general is auditing mass cancellations at eight VA medical centers across the country to determine if the VA processed and managed radiology requests in a timely and appropriate manner since 2016, USA Today reported on Oct. 1.

A team of U.S. researchers accurately trained a deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify three common dermatopathology diagnoses, according to recent research published in the Journal of Pathology Informatics.

A group of medical practitioners in Malawi, a country in east Africa, used ultrasound to diagnose tuberculosis (TB) in patients with HIV with the aid of a tele-ultrasonography platform that sent images to U.S-based radiologists, reported authors of a recent Journal of the American College of Radiology study.

Minimally invasive autopsy using CT and MRI exams performed as well as conventional autopsy, though better determined unexpected causes of death and diagnostic information, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Radiology.

Researchers from the Mayo Clinic found that visual aids designed for parents of children with minor head trauma may improve communication with physicians, specifically to discuss the risks and benefits associated with CT imaging compared to active monitoring of symptoms, according to research published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

Both resident and faculty respondents to a survey in Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology agreed that procedural training should be standardized during radiology residency and competence should be ensured at completion.

Researchers compared image quality; visibility of anatomic landmarks; tubes and lines and other significant findings on portable chest radiographs acquired with wireless direct radiography (DRw) and computed radiography (CR).

In patients with diagnosed Alzheimer’s disease (AD), [18F] flortaucipir PET imaging proved accurate in distinguishing AD from other neurodegenerative diseases, according to a multicenter study published in JAMA.

A deep-learning algorithm beat thoracic radiologists at classifying fibrotic lung disease, according to research published Sept. 15 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm created by NYU School of Medicine researchers distinguished between two forms of lung cancer with 97 percent accuracy, according to a study published in Nature Medicine.

Brain MRI scans of concussed university hockey players showed the protective tissue insulating brain cell fibers became jarred loose two weeks after injury—despite being cleared to return, research published in the Frontiers in Neurology revealed.