Incentives Matter: Maximizing Radiology Productivity

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Over the last two decades, advances in digital image management have fueled tremendous workload and productivity increases among radiologists. However, the need to boost productivity is ongoing. A number of productivity powerhouses have tapped the power and potential of staff to raise the productivity bar. These sites provide financial incentives, engage staff in decision-making and collect and share data to maximize productivity.

Hospitals across the country have employed a variety of relatively simple, yet enormously effective, productivity-enhancing measures that also improve patient care, ease administrative budget pain and provide increased professional satisfaction. Consider:

  • A $2,500 semiannual per physician incentive spurred radiologists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston to slash report turnaround from 43 hours to six hours;
  • Managed care organizations have increased funding for enterprise quality initiatives at Advocate Physician Partners in Oak Brook, Ill., from $6 million to $40 million since the program started; and
  • Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., sustained an 11 percent increase in technologist productivity, saving the radiology department $174,000 annually.

Measuring up

Half of radiology departments or practices either don’t measure radiologists’ productivity or report doing nothing with the information, according to Richard Duszak Jr., MD, of Mid-South Imaging and Therapeutics in Memphis, Tenn., and Lawrence R. Muroff, MD, CEO of Imaging Consultants in Tampa, Fla. (J Am Coll Radiol 2010;7: 482-289).

Baseline measurements are an essential springboard to achieving genuine productivity increases. Without them improving productivity amounts to a guessing game. Measuring productivity—and involving staff members in the process—can inspire thinking about efficiency. Michelle Wilt, RT, and colleagues at Mayo Clinic discovered this: within six months of measuring productivity, radiographers in the department of radiology voluntary increased productivity by 11 percent, saving the department an estimated $174,000 per year.

Along with adaptability, almost every administrator and study stresses transparency and a bottom-up approach. Sites that have instituted effective productivity programs often share productivity procedures and results with staff (sometimes anonymously, sometimes not).

Measuring work habits and sharing the data can help quell disputes. In many cases productivity varies between individuals substantially less than staff members contend. “People realize it’s not really true that I’m working so much harder than everybody else. Having numbers available gets rid of a lot of bickering because people realize they’ve taken a small difference and blown it into something big,” explains Richard Woodcock, MD, medical director for MRI at St. Joseph’s Hospital in Atlanta.

Pay for performance

Many efforts to improve productivity have focused on pay-for-performance. MGH recently implemented a hospital-wide, department specific pay-for-performance program, in which each department was tasked with choosing and implementing its own objective. The department of radiology selected report turn-around time. By the end of the program, the department cut average report turn-around time—from examination to final signature by 37 percent—from 43 to six hours, shares Giles Boland, MD, chairman of MGH’s department of radiology.

The department incentivized quicker turn-around time by providing radiologists who met requirements semiannual $2,500 bonuses. “For a relatively small amount of money, we had a major effect on patient care. Ninety-eight percent of our radiologists conform and provide good service,” Boland affirms. As Woodcock opines, “Incentivization is the key to getting extra productivity out of any employee.”

In another program involving 3,500 physicians at 10 hospitals across northern Illinois, Advocate Physician Partners saw diagnostic mammography report turnaround plummet from an average of 49 hours to eight hours in three years. The program targets performance in 41 separate clinical initiatives with financial incentives.

“This program is funded by managed care organizations. The successes that have been achieved have not only resulted in continued funding, but the organizations have increased the funds dramatically, from about $6 million five or six years ago when we started the program, to now about $40 million,” explains Pankaj Patel, MD, medical director for quality improvement.