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Molecular Imaging

 

For all the challenges faced by preterm babies, limited research explores how birth early in the third trimester can affect hearing and understanding speech. A team of researchers, using MRI, found children born prematurely were more likely to face speech and language problems by the age of 2.

According to a recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) press release, new research suggests that genetic variations in the lungs can differentiate between individuals who have stably low lung function early in life (that steadily declines with age) versus those who are at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to smoking.  

Researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have two types of technology to predict how well a deaf child can learn language after receiving cochlear implant surgery. 

A team of researchers has proven a new radiotracer, 2-18F-fluorodeoxysorbitol (18F-FDS), more adept at tracking bacterial infection in lungs than current imaging methods, while also distinguishing bacterial infection from inflammation.

Head trauma and sports—most notably football but also hockey, soccer and boxing—have been the focus of plenty of media coverage. Recent studies have shown an overwhelming majority of deceased football player’s brains contained evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

 

Recent Headlines

Female collegiate athletes more likely to experience concussions

A recent study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) found that females are more likely to experience sports-related concussions (SRCs) than males, narrowing the research gap of sex specific predictors of occurrence and recovery from SRCs.

Stuttering speech can stem from hyperactivity in the brain

Individuals suffering from developmental speech disorders may get a clearer insight into the brain's role, according to a new MRI study from Germany.  

Focused ultrasound may offer non-invasive treatment for neurological diseases

What do you get when you put together a monkey, a computer and a moving yellow square? Surprisingly, a neuroscience study that marks the first time ultrasound technology has been safely used to alter brain activity while simultaneously avoiding the destruction of brain tissue.  

Noise sensitivity visible in brain MRI

As the old rock-n-roll cliché goes, “If it’s too loud, you’re too old.” But Swedish researchers, with the help of MRI, have found brain structure and gray matter—which can be affected by age—might have something to do with an individual’s sensitivity to noise.

Pre-procedure imaging may predict success of epilepsy surgery

A statistical method for integrating functional MRI (fMRI) and PET scans may prove capable of predicting success of surgery to reduce seizures in epilepsy patients.

Tau deposition doesn’t predict cognitive status of Parkinson’s patients

The more tau accumulation in the brain, the greater the likelihood that neuroimaging will reveal similarly elevated levels of brain beta amyloid. However, the buildup of these proteins does not affect the cognitive status of patients with Parkinson’s disease, according to a PET-based study published online Dec. 11 in JAMA Neurology.

MRI may have potential to diagnose ADHD, differentiate subtypes

Trying to diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in accordance with neuroimaging data has long been a work in progress. According to a recent study published in Radiology, however, MRI may be able to more accurately diagnose the neurological disorder and differentiate between subtypes.

Nuke med intervention safe, effective against advanced liver cancer

Patients who have advanced liver cancer with blockage or narrowing of the blood vessel that brings blood to the liver from the intestines—i.e., portal vein thrombosis—are safely and effectively treated by interventional radiologists administering the isotope yttrium-90 (Y90) for radioembolization, according to a study conducted at Northwestern University and published online Dec. 7 in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

RSNA 2017: Smartphone addiction causes imbalance in brain chemistry

Young patients addicted to smartphones can develop significant imbalances in brain chemistry, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago.

RSNA 2017: Sodium MRI shows differences in cerebrospinal fluid of migraine patients

Researchers using sodium MRI to examine migraine patients found that their cerebrospinal flued had significantly higher concentrations of sodium, according to a Nov. 28 presentation at RSNA 2017 in Chicago.

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