Oncology Imaging

On February 15 of this year, Congress passed national breast density legislation, which mandates all mammography reports and summaries notify women of their breast density. A trio of researchers discussed whether the law will help or confuse patients in a recent JAMA commentary.

The causes of renal cell carcinoma progression may be more complex than outlined in the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), according to findings published May 14 in Radiology. One radiologist said the study should be a "wake up call" for the speciality.

“To our knowledge, no study has examined how changes in categorization of calcification from the 4th to the 5th edition of BI-RADS have affected positive predictive values (PPVs)," wrote authors of a recent study published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

The researchers analyzed the frequency and cancer yield of ACR Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 3 lesions in patients who received baseline and non-baseline screening MRIs.

The American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) has released new screening mammography guidelines based on a patient’s individual breast cancer risk profile. The American College of Radiology announced their support for the new recommendations.

Targeted breast ultrasound should be the first-line imaging test in patients with palpable lumps after mastectomy. Mammography can help confirm suspected cases, but did not find any additional cancers.

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American Urological Association (AUA) have updated their clinical guidelines for adjuvant and salvage radiotherapy following prostatectomy.

The prospective single-center study, published April 30 in the American Journal of Roentgenology, adds more weight to the growing literature suggesting PSMA-11’s vital role in prostate cancer management.

 

“Our findings show that radiotherapy is still highly effective in significantly improving local control and disease-free survival in combination with anti-hormones, compared to anti-hormones alone,” said Gerd Fastner, MD, during a presentation at the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) 38 conference in Milan, Italy.

"There is an urgent need for more effective treatments for mesothelioma," said lead researcher Marco Trovo, MD, chief of the radiation oncology department at University Hospital of Udine in Italy.

Nearly all radiation oncologists agreed that prior authorization practices delay proper care for their cancer patients, according to a new survey of almost 700 specialists published by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

"Our results suggest that lung cancer screening is substantially underutilized and not reaching high-risk smokers who would benefit the most," wrote Jinhai Huo, MD, PhD, in a new study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.