Oncology Imaging

Adding MRI to mammography screening for breast cancer detects more cancers, but results in more unnecessary biopsies, according to a June 4 study published in Radiology.

“To our knowledge, this is the first study analyzing the influence of reading volume on reading performance in a screening program that uses independent double reading of digital mammograms with consensus,” wrote authors of a new study published in Radiology.

If the non-expansion states had seen the same increases in CRC screening, another 355,184 people would have been screened, according to authors of a recent study published in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine.

On February 15 of this year, Congress passed national breast density legislation, which mandates all mammography reports and summaries notify women of their breast density. A trio of researchers discussed whether the law will help or confuse patients in a recent JAMA commentary.

The causes of renal cell carcinoma progression may be more complex than outlined in the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), according to findings published May 14 in Radiology. One radiologist said the study should be a "wake up call" for the speciality.

“To our knowledge, no study has examined how changes in categorization of calcification from the 4th to the 5th edition of BI-RADS have affected positive predictive values (PPVs)," wrote authors of a recent study published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

The researchers analyzed the frequency and cancer yield of ACR Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 3 lesions in patients who received baseline and non-baseline screening MRIs.

The American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) has released new screening mammography guidelines based on a patient’s individual breast cancer risk profile. The American College of Radiology announced their support for the new recommendations.

Targeted breast ultrasound should be the first-line imaging test in patients with palpable lumps after mastectomy. Mammography can help confirm suspected cases, but did not find any additional cancers.

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American Urological Association (AUA) have updated their clinical guidelines for adjuvant and salvage radiotherapy following prostatectomy.

The prospective single-center study, published April 30 in the American Journal of Roentgenology, adds more weight to the growing literature suggesting PSMA-11’s vital role in prostate cancer management.

 

“Our findings show that radiotherapy is still highly effective in significantly improving local control and disease-free survival in combination with anti-hormones, compared to anti-hormones alone,” said Gerd Fastner, MD, during a presentation at the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) 38 conference in Milan, Italy.