Oncology Imaging

Stereotactic ablative body radiation therapy (SABR) nearly doubled the overall survival of patients with inoperable stage I lung cancer compared to standard radiotherapy, according to results of a multi-center phase III trial published in the Lancet Oncology.

Breast cancer screening centers may want to consider implementing digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and digital mammography (DM) into their practice, according to results of a recent Radiology study. Pairing both modalities significantly increased the sensitivity and specificity of detecting breast cancers.

Traditionally, men with low-risk prostate cancer had undergone radical prostatectomy or radiation, but many are now opting for a more conservative active surveillance approach, according to a Feb. 11 analysis published in JAMA.

“Integration of a scoring system into structured prostate MRI reports could be of great value to clinical research as well as routine clinical care...," wrote authors of a new study published in the American Journal of Roentgenology, which examined how background signal-intensity changes affect prostate cancer detection.

“In this study, for patients with stage-IV disease, we have a treatment paradigm that can result in long-term survival while maintaining overall quality of life,” said senior author of the study, Dwight E. Heron, MD.

A new three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique to analyze tissue samples allowed scientists to determine that pancreatic cancers can start and grow in two distinct ways, according to a Jan. 30 study published in Nature. The findings solve a question that’s plagued researchers for decades.

Despite the best current recommendations advocating women avoid mammograms before elective breast surgery, a large number of women still undergo pre-surgical screening, reported authors of a study published in JAMA Surgery. The unnecessary imaging may drive up healthcare costs and lead to unneeded tests.

A pair of specialists recently took on the topic of the word "cancer" in a Jan. 23 viewpoint published in The BMJ, arguing that changing the terminology could ease patient anxiety or create more fear.

A team of national researchers has identified a set of multiparametric MRI-based guidelines and clinical features which can help clinicians easier determine a patient’s risk that their prostate cancer will spread, according to a Jan. 22 study published in Radiology.

A free lung cancer screening program using National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines detected more cancers and ultimately generated profit for the institution conducting the screenings, according to a single-center study published in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

The Vancouver risk calculator (VRC) offers superior guidance for predicting the risk of malignancy in patients receiving CT lung cancer screening compared to the American College of Radiology Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System (Lung-RADS), according to a new study.

Implementing three-dimensional (3D) digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with standard digital mammography (DM) can reduce the number of patients committed to short-term follow-up screening, according to research published online Jan. 19 in Academic Radiology.